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Antibiotics, Antifungals, Antivirals And Dietary Supplements

Which one of the following individuals would benefit most from folic acid?

Question 1 options:

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a) An older person


b) A pregnant person


c) A young person with bone disease


d) An individual with diabetes







Question 2 (5 points)


Vitamin-_______ derivatives are primarily involved in reactions controlling cell growth and DNA synthesis.

Question 2 options:

a) D


b) C


c) B


d) K












Question 3 (5 points)


What’s one concern associated with the use of macrolides?

Question 3 options:

a) Bacteria can easily develop resistance to macrolides.


b) They have limited activity against gram-negative bacteria.


c) They can cause ototoxicity and renal toxicity.


d) They can lead to GI side effects.





Question 4 (5 points)


_______ is important to the transmission of nerve impulses and regulation of muscle activity.

Question 4 options:

a) Iron


b) Sodium


c) Zinc


d) Calcium















Question 5 (5 points)


Which of the following pairs of minerals consists of macrominerals?

Question 5 options:

a) Zinc and copper


b) Manganese and selenium


c) Phosphorous and potassium


d) Iron and iodine








Question 6 (5 points)


Which one of the following terms best describes minerals?

Question 6 options:

a) Living


b) Inorganic


c) Toxic


d) Natural










Question 7 (5 points)


Which of the following vitamins can be eliminated through the urine?

Question 7 options:

a) E


b) D


c) A


d) B















Question 8 (5 points)


What element is needed for aerobes to grow?

Question 8 options:

a) Argon


b) Carbon dioxide


c) Oxygen


d) Nitrogen






Question 9 (5 points)


Both increased and decreased levels of _______ can result in confusion in an individual.

Question 9 options:

a) calcium


b) iron


c) sodium


d) Zinc







Question 10 (5 points)


When a dye is added to an infected body fluid or tissue specimen, gram-negative bacteria will appear _______ when observed under a microscope.

Question 10 options:

a) purple


b) blue


c) pink


d) Green











Question 11 (5 points)


Which of the following are commonly observed adverse reactions to antivirals?

Question 11 options:

a) Diarrhea


b) Headache


c) Insomnia


d) Hair loss


e) Renal disorders







Question 12 (5 points)


Which of the following are considered a natural type of penicillin?

Question 12 options:

a) Pfizerpen


b) Staphcillin


c) Veetids


d) Amoxil






Question 13 (5 points)


Which of the following antifungals are considered echinocandins and are typically given by injection?

Question 13 options:

a) Micafungin (Mycamine)


b) Terbinafine (Lamisil AT)


c) Caspofungin (Cancidas)


d) Anidulafungin (Eraxis)


e) Naftifine (Naftin)









Question 14 (5 points)


Which of the following antivirals are used to treat herpes?

Question 14 options:

a) Valacyclovir (Valtrex)


b) Acyclovir (Zovirax)


c) Ribavirin (Rebetol)


d) Adefovir (Preveon)








Question 15 (5 points)


Which of the following antivirals are used to reduce the duration and alleviate the symptoms of influenza?

Question 15 options:

a) Nevirapine (Viramune)


b) Emtricitabine (Emtriva)


c) Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)


d) Baloxavir marboxil (Xofluza)


e) Zanamivir (Relenza)






Question 16 (5 points)


Which of the following are considered fat-soluble vitamins?

Question 16 options:

a) Vitamin D


b) Vitamin K


c) Vitamin E


d) Vitamin A


e) Vitamin C







Question 17 (5 points)


Which of the following medications are alternatives for patients who are allergic to penicillin?

Question 17 options:

a) Keflex


b) Pipracil


c) Zosyn


d) Fortaz


e) Suprax






Question 18 (5 points)


Match the following deficiency symptoms with the correct vitamin.

Question 18 options:

1234 Confusion and depression
1234 Pellagra
1234 Inflammation of mucous membranes
1234 Muscle weakness


1. Vitamin B1
2. Vitamin B2
3. Vitamin B3
4. Vitamin B6








Question 19 (5 points)


Match each of the following minerals with its dietary sources.

Question 19 options:

1234 Magnesium
1234 Sodium
1234 Potassium
1234 Phosphorous


1. Bananas, raisins, potatoes
2. Green vegetables, beans, nuts, whole grains
3. Dairy products, meat, fish, nuts, eggs
4. Food containing salt








Question 20 (5 points)


Examples of imidazoles used to treat fungal infections include

Question 20 options:

a) Doxycycline (Adoxa)


b) Ketoconazole (Nizoral)


c) Miconazole (Monistat)


d) Amikacin (Amikin)