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Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Interventions for Obesity

Introduction

Obesity is a nutritional disorder characterized by excessive caloric intake more than the body’s requirement resulting in an increase in fat deposition in the body tissues. Clinically, the inadequacy or excessive nutritional information is determined by dividing a person’s mass in kilogram to their height in meters to find the basal metabolic rate (BMI). Obesity is identified by having a BMI of more than thirty. The risk factors of obesity include socioeconomic status, race, sex, age, and educational level. Furthermore, studies have shown a link between increased mortality rates and other complications, including obesity and diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cancer, sleep apnea, and stroke (Pearce et al., 2019). Therefore, this paper will seek to describe the effectiveness of the interventions for managing obesity.

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Implementation

The interventions were implemented as planned. Obesity is a complex public health issue that requires various stakeholders’ input at the local, regional, and national levels. The management options should incorporate the community members, healthcare professionals, and policymakers to develop interventions to reduce this epidemic’s impact. Modifications in the health promotion activities by an individual effectively reduce the mortality and morbidity secondary to obesity. First, an individual needs to practice adequate physical exercises. These activities promote the burning of calories due to the increased energy requirements of the body. Excessive glucose is utilized to provide the energy required by the muscles. Additionally, activity improves the utilization of insulin in the body cells. Weight lifting increases the resting basal metabolic rate due to an increase in the body’s lean mass. Other benefits of physical activity include the promotion of weight loss and increasing the level of high-density lipoprotein. Therefore, effective implementation of physical activity by individuals helps to promote weight loss in obese patients.

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Second, adopting a balanced nutritional plan is required for the accurate management of obesity. A diet consisting of low amounts or lacking fats is necessary to promote weight loss in obese patients. Ideal nutrition also advocates for carbohydrates with a low glycemic index and high fiber content for an increased reduction of weight in obesity. Furthermore, optimal nutrition for obese patients involves avoiding processed foods and energy drinks as these may have high calories. Moreover, the policymakers need to create guidelines for promoting proper healthcare practices in the communities. There is a need for an increased emphasis on practicing effective lifestyle changes, including quitting alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking, to decrease the burden of obesity in society (Puigdomenech et al., 2019). Encouraging lifestyle changes and multisectoral collaborations are effective in reducing the prevalence of obesity in the community.

Measure Outcomes

Several strategies are used to measure the effectiveness of the implementation plan. First, the client should verbalize the importance of engaging in good physical activity. Exercising helps the patient to burn excessive calories to promote weight loss. The patient should also engage in satisfactory physical activities to assist in managing his weight. Second, the patient should adopt an effective eating plan (McGowan, 2016). A proper dietary approach involves the intake of meals with low glycemic index and fat levels. Moreover, the patient should display knowledge about the avoidance of junk food, including processed canned snacks and energy drinks, containing excessive caloric components. Third, the meeting of the weight reduction plans’ short-term goals shows the implementation process was a success. A well-informed client collaborates with the treatment options to control obesity. A transcript of an interview between a care provider and an obese patient on the implementation process’s effectiveness is hereby attached (see appendix). Effective implementation of the interventions results in behavior changes by the client to reduce the weight.

Comparisons of the Effectiveness of the Implementation Plan

The caregivers observed significant differences before and after the actual implementation of the intervention plan. The initial plan projected that the patient would reduce the body weight by 4 kilograms in a month, adopt an effective eating habit, engage in physical activity, and verbalize the importance of weight reduction. Some of these goals were met during the evaluation phase of the interventions. Currently, the patient verbalizes adequate knowledge on the advantages of weight reduction, engages in physical exercise, and has adopted an ideal eating plan. However, the patient only lost two kilograms in one month, which was less than the expected goal. This calls for the encouragement of the patient to improve on exercising and avoiding fatty foods.

Signs of Success

The intervention plan had some commendable success in promoting the management of obesity. First, the patient had a reduction in the body’s weight by two kilograms. Weight reduction is necessary for promoting an optimal BMI of the patient to reduce the risk of complications (Puigdomenech et al., 2019). Second, the patient engages in healthy activities to promote weight reduction. Physical exercise and a proper eating plan are essential, ensuring effective weight control on an obese client. The client’s practical involvement in weight reduction strategies helps prevent the occurrence of other health complications.

Conclusion

Obesity is an emerging epidemic in several developing and the developed countries worldwide. Adoption of a workable plan for promoting weight reduction is essential in managing obesity. The interventions’ practical implementation is evidenced by the client’s engagement in physical activity, proper eating habits, and weight reduction for optimal BMI values. Furthermore, effective multisectoral collaborations between policymakers, community members, healthcare providers, and patients are crucial in managing obesity.