As an Advanced Practice Nurse, you will care for patients who are at risk for specific diseases. Please pick one chronic or infectious disease specific to a population in your geographic area and provide evidence of risk, relative risk, and odds ratio in relation to that disease, and specific risks in the population you identified.
Diabetes occurs as a consequence of the human body is unable to produce a sufficient amount of the hormone insulin, the hormone is responsible of the regulation of the blood glucose, or use insulin effectively. This, in turn, causes the blood glucose level to remain the above normal threshold levels and other times causes the blood vessel to get distorted. The most common form of diabetes is type 2, and it’s usually a result of a combination of resistance to the action of insulin and insufficient insulin production. It commonly occurs in adults. Type 1 diabetes results when the body loses its ability to produce insulin.
Evidence of risks
Diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for vascular and respiratory diseases and the development of these outcomes in people with diabetes may be exacerbated by exposure of air pollution. Research conducted reported particulate concentration is the driving force behind diabetes. Exposure to fine particulate matter increases the risk of type 2 diabetes. Another finding showed that males are higher risks for type 2 diabetes than females. Both particulate matter and NO2 exposure may increase the risk of developing diabetes.
Relative risks of diabetes
Body Mass Index (BMI) is strongly associated with the risk of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, nondramatic lower-limb amputation, and blindness: it is also a major cause of heart disease and stroke.
The odd ratio in relation to diabetes
Overweight and obesity account for diabetes mellitus. Prevention of both can be a major strategy for reducing the numerous cases of diabetes mellitus in populations
Statins and the Risk of Diabetes. (2014). Evidence from a large population-based cohort study. Diabetes Care. Association between low education and higher global cardiovascular risk. (2014)
Now that you have identified the disease and risk, what is one evidence-based action that you could take within your local community or patient population to prevent this risk?
Diabetes influences a substantial, as well as developing fragment of the United States populace. The racial and ethnic minorities are at an unbalanced hazard for diabetes, with non-Hispanic and Hispanics blacks demonstrating close multiplying of hazard with respect to the non-Hispanic whites. The Chronic Care Model gives a very much-acknowledged structure for enhancing diabetes, as well as an interminable ailment mind in the community and essential care medicinal home. There is dire need to distinguish minimal effort, compelling, and effectively implementable essential as well as optional counteractive action tactics, and also the tertiary systems, which defer ailment movement, complexities, and related decay incapacity in patients by diabetes.
Various community-based diabetes plans have joined this model by the foundation. Diabetes plans must offer the available data as well as support all by the community and conveyed in the organization which seen, paying little mind to the education as well as financial status. Chronic sicknesses, including diabetes influence an extensive and developing fragment of the US populace. Various phenomenal conventions have been set up and tried that exhibit an advantage in counteracting diabetes or decreasing rates of readmissions in the people hospitalized through diabetes. These agreements directed utilizing concentrated drugs that the multiple cases staffed through profoundly gifted medical caretakers, dietitians and analysts to convey the projects.
Various people community-based plans that utilize segments steady with the “Chronic Care Model” shown achievement as well as an incentive in enhancing particular diabetes results. Understanding the self-administration, conveyance framework plan, and group assets, some basic segments in the methodologies. The American Diabetes Association incorporates a considerable lot of these parts in its yearly suggestions for conveying the essential guidelines of care to people distinguished with diabetes and pre-diabetes. Self-administration training, one of the key parts of “Chronic Care Model,” is related to enhanced learning, self-mind conduct, as well as enhanced clinical consequences, for example, bring down A1C, bring down self-detailed weight, sound adapting, enhanced personal satisfaction, and lower costs in patients through diabetes.
The populace that requires information and access to diabetes projects is becoming around the world. The Chronic Care Model offers a structure for making and actualizing the community-based projects. The American Diabetes Association Standards of Care gives extra suggestions and rules to bolster program advancement.