So, who invented homework? Origins of Homework: Myth vs. History. We may never know for sure. Many individuals and incidents have shaped its history. Let’s start by looking at two of its influencers.

The Dubious Roberto Nevelis Of Venice
Roberto Nevelis

Depending on your sources, Roberto Nevelis of Venice, Italy, is frequently credited with inventing homework in 1095—or 1905. Upon further study, though, he looks to be more of an internet myth than a historical personage.

Horace Mann

The 19th-century politician and educational reformer Horace Mann had a key influence on inventing homework. Like his contemporaries Henry Barnard and Calvin Ellis Stowe, Mann took a significant interest in the obligatory public education system in the newly unified nation-state of Germany.
Horace Mann

Students attending Volksschulen (“People’s Schools”) were required to finish homework at home on their schedule. When nationalists such as Johann Gottlieb Fichte were attempting to gain support for a unified German state, this requirement stressed the authority of the state over the individual. Even if homework existed before Fichte engaged with the Volksschulen, his political goals might be considered a catalyst for establishing homework as an educational necessity.

Horace Mann was instrumental in founding tax-funded, government-regulated public education in the United States. During a journey to Germany in 1843, he observed the Volkschule system in action and brought back some of its ideals, including homework, to the United States.

Although its political origins, the practice of bringing schoolwork home expanded throughout Europe and eventually reached Horace Mann, who was in Prussia at the time. He extended the concept to the United States, where homework became a regular occurrence for students.

Pliny The Elder
Pliny The Elder

As early as ancient Rome, references to “homework” can be found. Pliny the younger, an oratory teacher in the first century AD, allegedly introduced homework by requiring his students to practice public speaking at home. Homework was intended to improve their confidence and fluency in public speaking. However, some could argue that the task was not exactly the type of written homework that kids are required to complete at home today. Only those with an introverted personality and a fear of public speaking would find it challenging and stressful.

Given that homework is a vital aspect of education, it has likely existed since the dawn of school as a beacon of hope for the hopeless and the lost (or cast darkness on those who despise it). This indicates that the Romans, Enlightenment intellectuals, and Middle Age monks read, memorize, and sing works well before homework was defined. This makes it more challenging to play the blame game unless you want to direct the finger at Horace Mann.

Even while homework is nearly ubiquitous in American education, it has not always been universally embraced. Parents and educators continue to argue its merits and cons., as they have done for almost a century.

The 1900s: Homework Bans & Anti-Homework Sentiment

A homework prohibition was enacted in the Pacific state of California in 1901, only a few decades after the concept of homework had made its way across the Atlantic. The prohibition applied to all students under 15 and remained in place until 1917.

At the same time, renowned magazines such as the Ladies’ Home Journal and The New York Times portrayed homework as harmful to children’s health by citing published statements from parents and medical professionals.

Homework As Child Labor In 1930

In 1930, the American Child Health Association determined that homework constituted a form of child labor. Given the recent legislation prohibiting child labor, this statement showed an unfavorable view of homework as an appropriate teaching method.

Homework And The Progressive Era, Early-To-Middle 20th Century

During the progressive education reforms of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, teachers began searching for ways to make students’ homework assignments more personalized and relevant. Is this the origin of the immortal essay topic, “What I Did on My Summer Vacation?”


In the 1950s, the Cold War escalated U.S.-Russian rivalries following World War II. The 1957 launch of Sputnik 1 increased competitiveness between Russians and Americans, notably among their youth.

To prevent American students from falling behind their Russian counterparts, particularly in the increasingly competitive fields of science and mathematics, U.S. school authorities determined that assigning tough homework was the most effective strategy.

The 1980s: Homework In A Nation At Risk

The brochure What Works, published by the United States Department of Education in 1986, mentioned homework among effective educational practices. This occurred three years after the National Commission on Excellence in Education issued its seminal report, A Nation at Risk: The Urgency of Educational Reform.

Early In The 21st Century, Homework Bans Are Reinstated

Many educators and concerned individuals have begun to question the value of homework once again. Several books on the subject have been released.

These consist of:

      The Case Against Homework: How Homework Is Hurting Our Children and What We Can Do About It by Sarah Bennett and Nancy Kalish


      The Battle Over Homework: Common Ground for Administrators, Teachers, and Parents (Third Edition) by Duke University psychologist Dr.Harris Cooper (2007)

    The End of Homework: How Homework Disrupts Families, Overburdens Children, and Limits Learning by education professor Dr. Etta Kralovec and journalist John Buell (2000)

Today, homework remains controversial. Some schools are adopting homework bans reminiscent of those at the turn of the last century. Teachers have varying opinions on these prohibitions, whereas parents are attempting to adjust to the disruption of their home schedule caused by these bans.

Who Invented Homework: FEBRUARY 14, 2020

Many students despise homework with a flaming fervor, even though it is a long-standing educational mainstay. We can’t blame them, especially if it’s their primary source of stress, which can cause headaches, tiredness, and insomnia.

It is not commonplace for children, parents, and even a few teachers to express displeasure with taking homework home. Yet, for millions of youngsters across the globe, homework remains a significant part of their daily life as students, despite being one of their leading sources of stress and dissatisfaction.

Who in their right mind would create homework is a mystery.

Types of Homework

Since the invention of homework, there have not been many forms of homework activities. Since the real “who invented homework” individual was unable to do sufficient “testing” in this regard, he couldn’t devise a formula for compelling at-home study.

Today’s instructors assign the following types of homework as part of the learning process.

With a combination of the various assignment styles, it is feasible to facilitate students’ content comprehension.

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Is It A Good Idea To Assign Homework To Students? Advantages And Disadvantages Homework

Is homework important and necessary? Or is it doing more harm than good? Here are some significant pros and downsides to consider.

It Encourages The Discipline Of Practice

Using the same formula or learning the same material over and over can be tough and monotonous, but it promotes the practice of discipline. To master a skill, repetition is typically essential. Completing homework every night, specifically with tough courses, makes the concepts easier to understand, helping students polish their skills and attain their life goals.

It Encourages Students To Manage Their Time

Homework extends beyond just completing tasks. It enables youngsters to develop their skills in time management as schedules need to be set to ensure that all duties can be done within the day.

It Offers Additional Time For Students To Complete Their Learning Process

The time allowed for each topic in school is generally limited to 1 hour or less every day. That’s not enough time for kids to absorb each subject’s material and basic concepts. Developing specialized homework assignments makes it possible for pupils to make up for the shortfalls in time.

It Hinders Creative Endeavors

If a student spends 3-5 hours a day on homework, those are 3-5 hours that they can’t use to explore creative pursuits. Students might wish to read leisurely or take up new hobbies, but homework takes away their time from painting, learning an instrument, or developing new abilities.

Homework Is Often Oriented Around Milestones

Teachers sometimes give homework to boost students’ test scores. Although this can result in positive consequences such as better study habits, the fact is that when pupils feel weary, they won’t likely acquire as much knowledge. Their stress levels will go up, and they’ll feel the curriculum burnout.

No Evidence That Homework Creates Improvements

Research demonstrates that homework doesn’t boost academic achievement; it can even worsen. Homework promotes a bad attitude toward learning and education, making pupils dread attending lessons. If they don’t like attending their lessons, they will be unmotivated to listen to the talks.

With all of the problems students encounter each day owing to homework, it’s puzzling to understand why it was even developed. Nevertheless, whether you think it’s beneficial or not, just because the concept has endured for millennia doesn’t imply that it has to stay within the education systems.

Not everyone cares about the history of homework, but they all do care about the safety of their academic endeavors. Perhaps one day, homework will be completely erased from the curriculum of schools all across the world and when that day comes, students will have to burn the midnight oil to fulfill their prerequisites on time and maybe attain their definitions of success.

What Role Does Homework Play In Improving The Quality Of Education?

Improving the content and arrangement of subject-related at-home assignments is one technique to facilitate learning. The varieties of homework are numerous. Each aims to enhance the quality of students’ knowledge, improve the learning process, and systematize gained information.

Psychologists have discovered that assimilating new information and strategies of action is crucial. The first perception and consolidation of knowledge during the lesson, with any arbitrarily effective structure of the study process, must be reinforced by subsequent thought and application of new information. And if the first awareness and consolidation of knowledge can be frontal, then the work that follows must be individual and independent.

Homework is not a technique of student control. It is a chance to spend time on the subject studied. With this method, you can systematize your class knowledge and hone your talents in a particular area. Without completing at-home assignments, the student is deprived of additional study time. Such an assignment aims to consolidate and practice the skills learned in class.

If you have further thoughts and questions concerning who originated homework and why, please share them in the discussion below.

What Are the Primary Reasons for Homework?

The function of homework has always been debated, not just by the inventors of school and homework. Today, many people assume that homework is not necessary to master the content being taught. Recent scientific study, however, indicates the contrary. According to the study, homework plays a significant influence in enhancing the knowledge quality of students. This is accurate regarding elementary school. Who and why created homework?

According to Roberto Nevilis, the man who invented school and homework, this academic assignment gives students a chance to:

Based on the aforementioned factors, the academic assignment’s value lies in: 

Why Is The Current State Of Homework Being Questioned?

Globally, there is now a significant pushback against homework. Considering that more than 60 percent of high school and college students seek counseling for school-related disorders such as clinical depression and anxiety, it is safe to conclude that American students are more stressed than they should be.

After spending hours at school, they return home to begin a mountain of homework. It consumes a substantial amount of time that they could otherwise devote to hobbies and interests, but it also prevents them from sleeping sufficiently. This can cause children to have physical health issues, a lack of balance in their life, and social isolation.